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7 – Take another Look at Daniel Twelve

Is God’s Word Taking a Back Seat to Scofield’s?

By Kathy Beardsley edited by John Beardsley – April 30, 2016 /Revised August 2018 (All Bible verse references are from the King James Version)

Studying Daniel chapter twelve a bit more closely brings me to yet another conclusion I had not seen before. It reads like a summary of the total of Daniel’s visions culminating at Jesus being cut off in Dan. 9:27. Those days were the “last days” of the Old Covenant which Daniel would not live long enough to see; therefore, the visions were given to him to know the end of those days, but also the future of his people.

Below is an excerpt from the summary of the book of Daniel found in the “Helps” of my old Sunday School Teacher’s Edition Bible. In this summary it is explained very plainly that the visions and prophecies seen and spoken of by Daniel were for his time. It took approximately seventy-two years for Daniel to finish writing his book as it was started in the year B.C. 606 and finished B.C. 534. Doing the math according to the information below, Daniel was 12 when he was captured in B.C. 606, making his birth around B.C. 618. He died when he was a little more than 90 putting the year of his death around B.C. 528. This means he was 80 when visited by the angel Gabriel in B.C. 538, and 84 in B.C. 534 when the last chapter of the Book of Daniel was written. At the time of Gabriel’s visit to Daniel he only had a little more than 10 years, give or take, before his death.

DANIEL. (God’s Judge) was one of the princes of the royal family of Judah. He was made a eunuch in the palace of the King of Babylon, and rose to be chief of the wise men, and “ruler over the whole province of Babylon.” Carried captive at the age of from twelve to eighteen, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim (eight years before Ezekiel), he prophesied during the whole period of the Captivity, and even two years after the Return. He did not accompany the Jews back to Jerusalem, but died in exile when more than ninety years of age. In B.C. 603 he interpreted Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, which brought him into notice. Twenty-three years later, the Three Children were in his absence, saved from the fiery furnace. Ten years afterwards he interpreted the king’s second dream, and acted as viceroy during the seven years of that monarch’s madness. He lived in retirement during the reign of Belshazzar, who preferred younger counselors, till the writing on the wall called him forth (B.C. 538). Afterwards he was promoted to the highest post of government by Darius, which he retained under Cyrus (536), thus serving under three dynasties–the Chaldean, the Median, and the Persian.

His book consists of two distinct volumes, the prophecies of the latter being synchronous with some of the historical events narrated in the former: e.g. the first vision occurred in the first year of Belshazzar (B.C. 555); the second in 553; the third in the first year of Darius (538); the last in the third of Cyrus (534). The historical part (chaps. 2:4-ch. 7) is in Chaldee; the prophetical in Hebrew. [historical; contrary to Scofield saying ch.7 is fulfilled in our future pg. 915 notes]

Ch. II [2] predicts the course of the Five Great Empires of the world, which should succeed each other in supremacy—viz. the Babylonian, Persian, Grecian, Roman, and Christian. In chap. vii [7] the four worldly empires, under the figure of four beasts, are viewed in their religious aspect. In chap. viii [8] is predicted the struggle between the Persian and Grecian powers, and the rise of the corrupting influence of Antiochus Epiphanes (“the little horn”), which prepared the way for the final overthrow of the Jews by the Romans. ….Chap. x [10] foretells the opposition of the Persian power to the restoration of the Jews; while chap. xi [11] more minutely predicts the history of the four Persian kings, that of Alexander and his successors, till the conquest of Syria by Rome,….” [bold, underline, and brackets mine]

The fifth and final kingdom (Christian)—Christ’s kingdom, came into being when He came in the flesh in the days of those kings according to Dan. 2:44 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed:…”. Scofield’s insistence on the Gentile world dominion and Rome continuing to be the center of it is nowhere to be found in Scripture. Consider the next paragraph which is a continuation from the previous excerpt. I believe it describes Scofield and some of those with whom he chose to consult for his note material, two of which are Westcott and Hort.

This traditional interpretation (which dates back as far as the Second Book of Esdras and the Epistle of Barnabas) is rejected by some modern commentators, because it is thought to lose sight of the cyclic development of history; so that the Divine utterance, which has its first fulfilment in one period, receives a further and more complete one in the corresponding part of some other period [dual prophecy]. According to them, the four empires are, the Babylonian, Median, Persian, and Greek; while the fifth (the Christian), striking the feet of the composite image, crushed the foundations of them all (viz. heathen mythology), and prepared the way for its own supremacy over all future dominions. Each of these has its antitype in the Christian era—Babylon in Rome, Media in Byzantium, Persia, with its divided power, in the Teutonic races, while the great Northern nations may hereafter rival the conquests of Alexander;–all these being eventually superseded in the triumph of Christ’s second Kingdom, as the former empires were by His first Advent. In this way the Book of Daniel is both a prophecy and a revelation. [brackets and bold emphasis mine]

This paragraph epitomizes how and why Scofield believed in and added a dual scenario for Jesus’ return. He rejected the original interpretation and embraced a mythological one! Need more proof?

Scofield’s notes in the book of Daniel, ch. 2, on pgs 900, 901 of the Pocket Size Scofield Study Bible:

The monarchy-vision. Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, as interpreted by Daniel, gives the course and end of “the times of the Gentiles” (Lk. 21:24; Rev. 16:19, note), that is, of Gentile world-empire. The four metals composing the image are explained as symbolizing (vs. 38-40) four empires, not necessarily possessing the inhabited earth, but able to do so (v. 38), and fulfilled in Babylon, Media-Persia, Greece (under Alexander), and Rome. The latter power is seen divided, first into two (the legs), fulfilled in the Eastern and Western Roman empires, and then into ten (the toes) (see Dan. 7:26, note). As a whole, the image gives the imposing outward greatness and splendor of the Gentile world-power.

Scofield continually harps on his “Gentile world-power/dominion” interpretation throughout his notes. Because of his private interpretation and lack of understanding scripture, he introduces a prophetic link between the image in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream and “the times of the Gentiles”, which in turn, have been made even more popular thanks to Clarence Larkin’s drawings and charts in his book, “Dispensational Truth” published in 1918. It is in Mr. Larkin’s biography that he was influenced by C. I. Scofield (a Zionist), William E. Blackstone (a Zionist) and John N. Darby (Plymouth Brethren), all of whom are also Dispensationalists. To reinforce his interpretation, Scofield takes it a step further than “the modern commentators” by naming Rome as the fifth empire. When God’s Word speaks of a house divided it is not referring to Rome. Jeremiah 11:10 They are turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers, which refused to hear my words; and they went after other gods to serve them: the house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken my covenant which I made with their fathers.” Ten of the twelve tribes under the house of Israel, and two under the house of Judah.

The twelfth chapter was written near the end of Daniel’s life in B.C. 534. The angel Gabriel is charged with helping Daniel understand the meaning of his visions—”…the prophecies of the latter being synchronous with some of the historical events narrated in the former:…”. Instead of recognizing this truth simply for what it is, Scofield reinterpreted it to enable him to find a dual prophecy where he deemed necessary. Chapter twelve is focused primarily on Antiochus with a couple references to what will occur at the end of the Old Covenant days when Jesus is crucified and resurrected.

I’d like to quickly emphasize that the cross references are taken from the old Bible which still contains them, and the translator notes in the margins—and, are not all necessarily found in the margins of modern Bibles.

Dan. 12:1
And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people; and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.

Cross reference:

Dan. 8:25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.”

Dan. 11: 21-45 (too many to print out, please read for yourself)

These verses are more detailed than chapter eight in describing Antiochus who in verse 21 is called “a vile person” who obtained the kingdom by flatteries. In these verses are described the atrocities he committed against the people, the temple, and God—”…a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time.

Dan. 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. 3 And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.

Cross reference:

Matt. 27:50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. 51
And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;
52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, 53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.” I believe this is the first resurrection spoken of in Revelation 20:4-7. 4: “And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. 5 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years. 7 And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,”

Aside from the fact, which I delineated earlier, that Jesus cannot physically reign on this earth for any period of time while sin is still in existence, the verses above clearly identify a group of people who are given the privilege of reigning with Christ for a thousand years. This group is not given a number—only that they were beheaded for a specific list of things. It was this group who “lived and reigned” (past tense) with Christ a thousand years, before and after he lived in the flesh—culminating at the cross. This is the only way physically reigning with Christ on this earth could work. The rest of the dead lived at the end of the thousand years—after Christ’s resurrection, i.e. Matthew 27:52, 53.

This next verse is an example to show that Jesus was known and worshipped before he came in the flesh. Joshua 5:14 “And he said, Nay; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant? 15 And the captain of the LORD’S host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest is holy. And Joshua did so.” An angel of the Lord would not allow himself to be worshipped, nor would he give instructions to remove the shoes for standing on holy ground in his presence, therefore, this is Jesus.

It is because of a false teaching that Rapturists have come to believe they will reign with Christ for a thousand years after a rapture and seven-year tribulation. But, doesn’t it make more sense to couple Rev. 4 with 2 Pet. 3:10? The complete picture being: the Old Testament/Covenant—inclusive of the fulfillment of prophesies such as the seventy weeks; the completion of the thousand years reigned by Jesus and the martyrs, and during which Satan was cast into the pit; Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection which includes the first resurrection of the saints. When you read the thousand years’ worth of sin from Jesus’ death and backwards, you get a very real picture of how much sin abounded and that it mattered not that Satan wasn’t there to be tempting people.

The New Testament/Covenant incorporates, “the little season—when Satan is loosed from the time that Jesus is physically no longer with us to the day He returns; the Second Advent/Coming of Jesus, the harvest, the wrath, the new heaven and earth, the New Jerusalem, the marriage supper, and eternity with our Heavenly Father.

A little season to us could seem like forever and a day, but to the Lord it is but a blink of an eye. Why prolong reigning for a thousand years after all hope for salvation is gone? Heb 9:28 “So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many [death on the cross—Old Testament/Covenant completed]; and unto them [New Testament saints/believers] that look for him shall he appear the second time [Second Advent/Coming] without sin unto salvation.” Jesus will return the second time for judgment, not for salvation!

Just as the rich man was told when he wanted his brethren still living to be warned of what awaits them if they choose to reject Jesus; so shall the same be for those who reject Jesus today. Luke 16:27 Then he said, I pray thee therefore, father, that thou wouldest send him to my father’s house: 28 For I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment. 29 Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them. 30 And he said, Nay, father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent. 31 And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.”

Jesus’ Second Coming is the ultimate and final END—nothing remains but eternity with Him.

An interesting tidbit to think about: The first and second resurrection are also known as the early and latter rain. Remember Jesus’ parable about the harvest in Matt. 13:39? Well, James 5:7 says, “Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain.” The early rain—Old Testament saints who were raised after Jesus’ resurrection are received. We, the latter rain—New Testaments saints are awaiting the final word to be given for Jesus to receive us at his Second Coming.

Dan. 12:4
But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased. 5 Then I Daniel looked, and, behold, there stood other two, the one on this side of the bank of the river, and the other on that side of the bank of the river. 6 And one said to the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, How long shall it be to the end of these wonders?”

Gabriel tells Daniel shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end(of the Old Covenant days) because, to paraphrase the end of verse 4, many people will be running to and fro and the knowledge of what’s to come concerning that particular prophetical vision will be increased. In verse 5, Daniel’s attention turns to two others who speak to a man clothed in linen (Jesus who is not yet come in the flesh) and hears the question, How long shall it be to the end of these wonders?”

Dan. 12:7
And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished.”

Cross reference:

Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.”

Antiochus is guilty of all the above. Roughly the last half of his reign (approx. 3½ years—time, times, and a half) he committed the atrocities listed in chapter 11:21-45 fulfilling the prophetic scattering of the power of the holy people (those who watched and fled).

Dan. 12:8
And I heard, but I understood not: then said I, O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things? And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.”

Here, Daniel lacks understanding, but instead of answering his question of what shall be the end of these things?” Gabriel tells Daniel to Go thy way, for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.” This “end” in Daniel’s question is from the Hebrew ‘achariyth akh-ar-eeth’ meaning; 1) after part. Daniel is basically asking, “What happens afterwards?” Gabriel tells him the words are sealed until the time of the end, or qets kates; meaning; 1a) end, at the end of (of time). The time allotted to complete the vision. [definitions from Strong’s dictionary) Then Gabriel continues,

Dan. 12:10
Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand.”

Cross reference:

Dan. 11:33 And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days. 34 Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries. 35 And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end [of the vision]: because it is yet for a time appointed.” [300+ years in Daniel’s future]

We see this even today—they that understand sound the alarm to warn others of the danger (false doctrine) but rather than heed the warning the people would prefer to continue cleaving to them (false teachers) that spout the flatteries—or for our modern times: the no accountability, we just need to love each other, and accept everyone with the promise of not trying change them teachers.

Dan. 12:11
And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.”

Cross reference:

Dan. 8:11 Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.”

Antiochus (the little horn) is he who took away the daily sacrifice and magnified himself to the prince of the host, identified in 12:1 as the great prince Michael. This daily sacrifice being taken away is not to be confused with the sacrifice and oblation being caused to cease when Jesus dies on the cross. From the time the daily sacrifice is taken away to the time the abomination (idol on the altar) is set up is 1,290 days. No other interpretation needed!

Dan. 12:12
Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.”

Cross reference:

Dan. 8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? 14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.”

We are told in verse 14 above that Antiochus was given 2,300 days start to finish for his role in the vision. After that the sanctuary was cleansed. We already know about the 1290 days so what about the rest? 1290 plus 45 equals the 1,335 mentioned in verse 12. Those who endured everything in verse 13 and waited to the end (1,335th day) were blessed to see the sanctuary cleansed and made ready for the saints to once again worship the one true God. Keep in mind, the sanctuary was only cleansed at this point; it was not fully restored until A.D. 29.

In the days prior to the 1,335, Antiochus began his reign by seducing the people with flatteries to gain their compliance. We can assume this to be a slow and calculated plan for he had plenty of time to work with. By our calendar 2,300 days equals a little more than six years. Antiochus continued to conspire and do battle with other kingdoms while at the same time prop himself up and enforce his own laws and idol worship on the people. All who resisted were punished, taken captive or killed. It was only a remnant who endured to the end.

Dan. 12:13
But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days.”

Cross reference:

Psalms 1:5 Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous.”

The Israelites were given a portion of land according to the number in their tribe as part of their inheritance. The land divisions were also known as lots. There are two eternal lots; Heaven and Hell. The inheritance of all believers of Jesus Christ will be to stand in their lot (Heaven), and all who reject Jesus will stand in their lot (Hell).

But go thou thy way till the end be:” this end being the end of Daniel’s life, followed by rest in death, and finally being resurrected from the grave at the end of the Old Covenant days. The end of the days is not translated consummation which means this verse is referring to the end of the “Old Covenant” days and not to the end of the world. Therefore, verse thirteen is saying that Daniel will live out the rest of his life (at this point not long), rest in death, then at the end of the “Old Covenant” days when Jesus dies on the cross, he will be among those saints who rise out of the grave to stand in his lot (Heaven) with the rest of the righteous. Refer above to Dan. 12:2 and Matt. 27. All who believe on the name of Jesus Christ will share that lot with Daniel at the end of their days whether it is by death or by the Second Coming; then it will be forever!

Next Chapter: 8 – What Is “The Blessed Hope?”


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